The California Crop Weather report from the National Agricultural Statistics Service Field Office in Sacramento, Calif., released June 4, 2012.

Weather

A high pressure ridge dominated the West Coast weather pattern for much of the week of June 25 resulting in dry and warm conditions for Northern California and for the southern interior.

The southern coastal regions enjoyed an onshore flow which kept temperatures relatively mild. This pattern held for most of the week. Temperatures across the Central Valley warmed to the highest levels of the year reaching the 100-degree mark.

The high pressure shifted slightly to the east by the end of the week. Interior temperatures decreased slightly but remained above normal.

No significant precipitation was reported during the week.

Field crops

Temperatures rose this week which helped the wheat crop dry down in the North. Wheat harvest was ongoing in the San Joaquin Valley (SJV).

In the northern part of the state, the up-and-down weather took a toll on crops. Alfalfa was cut, raked, and baled. Alfalfa not harvested was treated for alfalfa weevil.

Grain hay was cut and baled; the oat hay crop looked heavy. Barley for seed harvest began.

Cotton progressed well in the heat and was irrigated. Corn showed good development progress. 

The planting of rice fields was nearly complete.

Sunflower seed crops emerged. Mint was treated for weeds. A lot of acreage has been affected by winter kill.

Fruit crops

Plum, prune, peach, apricot, and nectarine fruit progressed. The harvest of many stone fruits was expected to begin in several weeks.

The cherry harvest was in full swing. The apple and pear blooms were over and the fruit developed. Kiwis were flowering. Bees were in kiwi vineyards for bloom.

Clusters have formed on grape vines; the fruit size continued to increase. Grapes in the SJV were sprayed for powdery mildew. Growers readied for sizing sprays.

Pomegranates and olives bloomed. Blueberries, blackberries, and strawberries were picked and packed. The harvests of Valencia oranges and lemons continued. 

Nut crops

The almond crop progressed well. There were some reports of limbs breaking due to the heavy crop.

Walnuts were sprayed for coddling moth.

Pistachio nuts were approximately two weeks from shell hardening.

Pistachios were sprayed for mealy bug and alternaria.

Vegetable crops

Stanislaus County reported dehydrator onions suffered some damage from early-season frost and wind driven erosion, complicating weed control efforts. Damage to the onion’s waxy protective layer makes weed control use more difficult as growers need to prevent the materials from contacting the tissue. 

Onions were around three to four inches in size. The processing tomato, cantaloupe, honeydew, and watermelon crops grew well. Onions, garlic, and squash were harvested.

Processing tomatoes in Fresno County progressed well with the first color reported in early fields. Processing onions were fertilized and irrigated. Bell peppers with a crown set up to four inches looked good.

Zucchini squash was harvested in Tulare County.