In its September crop report, USDA estimated a 2011-2012 U.S. crop of 16.56 million bales - up 10,000 bales from the August report. Upland production was estimated at 15.82 million bales and extra-long staple (ELS) production at 737,200 bales. Harvested area was estimated at 9.85 million acres, implying a non-harvested area of 4.87 million acres based on USDA’s revised June acreage report. The resulting abandonment rate is 33.1 percent. The national average yield per harvested acre was estimated to be 807 pounds, 15 pounds less than the five-year average.

Upland production in the West is an estimated 1.46 million bales with an estimated harvested area of 492,000 acres and a regional average yield of 1,420 pounds, 7 pounds below the region’s five-year average. The greatest yield gains are expected in Arizona, up 41 pounds to an estimated 1,510 pounds per harvested acre.

The ELS crop is an estimated 737,200 bales. Harvested area is pegged at 288,000 acres, with an average yield of 1,231 pounds per harvested acre.

The Southwest upland crop is estimated at 4.37 million bales. Expected harvested area is 3.37 million acres and the regional average yield is 623 pounds, 88 pounds less than its five-year average of 711 pounds per harvested acre. All that region’s states are down in terms of yield with the greatest decline expected in Oklahoma, down 308 pounds to 432 pounds per harvested acre. The Texas upland crop is estimated at 4.20 million bales. Expected harvested area in that state is 3.20 million acres and the average yield is 630 pounds, down 81 pounds from its five-year average.

The Southeast crop is estimated at 5.19 million bales, based on harvested acres of 3.30 million and a regional average yield of 756 pounds, 32 pounds lower than the region’s five-year average. In terms of yield per harvested acre, Virginia leads all states in the region with an estimated yield of 835 pounds per harvested acre, 8 pounds more than its five-year average. The largest gains in yield are expected for Alabama, estimated at 698 pounds per harvested acre, 68 pounds more than its five-year average. Yields in the remaining Southeast states are expected to be lower than their respective five-year average. The largest decline in terms of yield is expected for North Carolina with yields estimated at 720 pounds per harvested acre, 87 pounds lower than its five-year average.

In the Mid-South, expected production is 4.80 million bales. Harvested area is estimated to be 2.41 million acres and the expected yield 958 pounds per harvested acre. All states are expected to exceed five-year averages in terms of yield with the largest gains expected in Missouri and Louisiana. Missouri yields are estimated at 1,092 pounds per harvested acre, 93 pounds more than its five-year average, while Louisiana yields are estimated at 926 pounds per harvested acre, 61 pounds more than its five-year average.