The latest California field crop acreage and production update from the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Sacramento, Calif. Field Office:

• Barley

California’s barley harvested acreage is forecast at 40,000, 27 percent below last year. Nationally, the area to be harvested at 3.14 million acres is 17 percent below the 3.77 million acres harvested the previous year.

• Corn

As of June 1, the total planted acreage of corn for all purposes is estimated at 550,000, down 18 percent from last year. Of these acres, California farmers expected to harvest 125,000 acres for grain in 2009, down 26 percent from 2008.

In the U.S., corn planted acreage is estimated at 87 million, 1 percent above last year. Growers expect to harvest 80.1 million acres for grain, 2 percent above 2008.

• Cotton

California's cotton growers planted 65,000 acres of Upland cotton and 130,000 acres of American Pima cotton in 2009. Upland acreage is down 46 percent, and American Pima acreage is down 16 percent from 2008. Upland planted acreage is at its lowest level on record.

Nationally, planted Upland cotton acreage is expected to total 8,910,000 acres, down 4 percent from last year. Growers intend to plant 149,000 acres of American-Pima cotton, down 14 percent from last year.

• Dry beans

An estimated 60,000 acres in California were seeded to dry edible beans for the 2009 season, up 15 percent from last year’s total.

The U.S. dry edible bean seeded acreage is estimated at 1.46 million acres, down 2 percent from last tear. Acreage for harvest is estimated at 1.4 million, down 3 percent from a year ago.

• Hay

On June 1, California growers expected to harvest alfalfa from 975,000 acres in 2009, up 3 percent from last year’s 950,000 acres. The estimate for all other hay to be harvested is 640,000 acres, up 12 percent from last year’s total.

U.S. acreage harvested for alfalfa hay is estimated at 21 million and all other hay harvested acreage is expected to total 39.2 million acres. Alfalfa and other hay are slightly above 2008.

• Oats

Oats were seeded on 240,000 acres for 2009, up 4 percent from last year’s acreage. Acreage expected to be harvested for grain totaled 20,000 acres, unchanged from 2008. Nationally, the area harvested for grain at 1.43 million acres is 2 percent above 2008.

• Rice

California’s seeded rice acreage is estimated at 562,000 acres: long grain rice 7,000 acres; medium grain 515,000 acres; and short grain 40,000 acres.

A lack of rain during March allowed growers to get an early start on field preparations. Planting started in the middle of April and was virtually complete by the first week of June.

U.S. growers are expecting to harvest 3 million acres of rice in 2009, 1 percent above last year. Long grain rice will be harvested from 2.23 million acres, medium grain rice from 727,000 acres, and short grain from 41,000 acres.

• Safflower

California safflower growers planted 80,000 acres in 2009. Safflower acreage is down 24 percent from last year’s total. U.S. growers are expecting to harvest 187,000 acres, 4 percent below the previous year.

• Sugar beets

California growers have planted and intend to plant 25,000 acres to sugar beets, down 4 percent from last year's total planted acreage.

U.S. growers planted an estimated 1.17 million acres of sugar beets for 2009, 8 percent above the previous year.

• Summer potatoes

California’s summer potatoes planted and harvested acreage is estimated at 3,800 acres. U.S. growers in the summer-producing states planted an estimated 44,000 acres, down 6 percent from the previous year.

• Sweet potatoes

California’s sweet potato planted and harvested acreage is forecast at 17,400 acres. Nationally, the area to be harvested at 103,000 acres is 6 percent above the 97,300 acres harvested the previous year.

• Wheat

California's Durum wheat planted acreage is estimated at 180,000 acres, 6 percent more than last year. The 155,000 acres for grain harvest remained unchanged from 2008. California’s acreage seeded to wheat other than Durum totaled 580,000 acres, down 11 percent from 2008.

U.S. Durum planted acreage for 2009 is estimated at 2.56 million acres, down 6 percent from last year. The area to be harvested for grain is expected to total 2.45 million acres, 5 percent below last year’s level. U.S. acreage harvested for wheat other than Durum is estimated at 34.8 million acres, 12 percent below 2008.

• Grain stocks

Stocks of wheat in California on June 1 totaled 175,000 tons, 142 percent above the 72,200 tons on hand a year earlier. U.S. stocks of all wheat at 20 million tons were 118 percent more than the 9.17 million tons on hand June 1, 2008.

Barley stocks in California totaled 3,120 tons on June 1, 2009, 51 percent below a year earlier. U.S. barley stocks at 2.13 million tons were 30 percent above the June 1, 2008 total.

Off-farm stocks of corn in California totaled 141,000 tons on June 1, 2009, 32 percent below a year earlier. U.S. stocks of corn in all positions totaled 119 million tons, 6 percent above June 2008.