What is in this article?:
- Tale of the tape for US agriculture in 2012
- Demand versus production
- This year should be another good one for U.S. agricultural exports with the lower value of the dollar more than compensating for the expectations of slower world growth.
- USDA’s chief economist projects the highest corn plantings since 1944, a decline in cotton plantings due to lower prices and a small increase in rice acreage for 2012.
Demand versus production
Global demand has largely kept pace with production, Glauber noted. “Total wheat consumption topped 680 million metric tons, total corn use was over 867 million metric tons, and total rice use was 480 million tons, milled. Unlike grains and oilseeds, demand for world cotton declined last year, reflecting sluggish world growth, particularly in the developed economies.”
Meanwhile ethanol production is slowing after increasing by almost 700 million bushels per year over 2005-10. Corn use for ethanol has flattened and is projected to fall by 21 million bushels in 2011-12.
Expected returns for soybeans and corn are again historically high reflecting strong new-crop futures and cash forward prices, Glauber said.
CRP enrollments are also down again for 2012-13 with total CRP area projected at 30 million acres, 6.8 million acres lower than at peak enrollment in 2007-08.
Farm prices for most field crops will be lower, Glauber said, reflecting larger world and domestic supplies. A return to trend yields will likely push corn prices down significantly as stock levels rebuild. Corn prices are forecast to average $5 bushel in 2012-13, down almost 20 percent from 2011-12’s record levels.
Cotton prices are expected to decline by more than 10 percent to 80 cents per pound for 2012-13, reflecting larger supplies worldwide. Rice prices are anticipated to remain strong, in part reflecting strong world demand which will likely boost U.S. rice exports in 2012-13.
Agriculture’s strong performance is projected to ease in 2012. Net cash income for 2012 is forecast at $96.3 billion, down 11.5 percent from 2011, but still the second highest in nominal terms on record. Cash receipts for 2012 are forecast at $364.1 billion, a record high. Total expenses are projected to increase $12.5 billion.
Farm asset values are likely to increase by more than 5 percent for the third consecutive year, according to Glauber. Debt is expected to rise 3.8 percent. The inflation-adjusted value of the farm sector’s equity is expected to establish a new record high.
Slowing demand for ethanol means that corn stocks will likely increase in 2012-12 assuming a return to trend yields. This should help moderate record feed grain prices. Livestock markets should see increasing margins towards the end of 2012 as the new crop is harvested bringing down feed costs.
There are still a number of key uncertainties starting with the size of the South American corn and soybean crops and the persistent dry areas of the southern United States. Nonetheless, prospects for U.S. agriculture continue to be strong with record income in 2011.