Despite written policies protecting farmland across Central California's agricultural heartland, the state's most productive region is on track to lose 570,000 acres of prime, irrigated land to development by 2050, according to a new report.

The American Farmland Trust says the loss could drain between $100 billion and $190 billion from the regional economy, based on crop values and related expenses. The land represents a more than doubling of the current urban footprint of valley cities stretching from Modesto to Bakersfield.

The agriculture protection group released its study Thursday on how city and county development policies are affecting the San Joaquin Valley, which the group calls the most important farming region in the world. Fresno County, with around $7 billion in agricultural production, leads the nation in crop value.

"Counties have made a commitment to conservation, but few are making significant progress toward that goal," said Ed Thompson, the group's California state director.

For more, see: Development Threatens California Farms--and Farm Economy