The tax breaks that expired at the end of 2009 include: deduction for classroom expenses for educators, tuition and fees deduction for college, additional standard deduction for property taxes, additional standard deduction or itemized deduction for sales tax paid on a new vehicle, itemized deduction for state and local sales taxes in lieu of state income taxes, tax-free exclusion of the first $2,400 in unemployment benefits and tax-free exclusion of IRA funds donated directly to charity.

In addition, required IRA payments from IRA plans resume this year. Congress did not extend last year's waiver of required IRA distributions (if age 70.5 or more).

Tax brackets/standard deduction

Tax brackets remain essentially the same as last year (See Table 1)








Standard deductions remain

The standard deductions remain the same in 2010 at $11,400 for couples plusanother $1,100 if
elderly/blind (Singles: $5,700 plus $1,400 if elderly/blind). Household heads get $8,400 plus $1,400 if elderly/blind.
Other provisions: Provisions provided by The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and the 2009 stimulus package.

  • The $1,000 child tax credit is available through 2010 and reverts to $500 in 2011.
  • The cost of energy efficiency improvements, such as energy efficient insulation, windows, doors, roofs, heat pumps, hot water heaters or boilers, or advanced main air circulating fans installed in a principal residence, may be entitled to a tax credit of 30% of the purchase price, up to a maximum credit of $1 ,500. This credit will be off-set by the alternative minimum tax (AMT) in 2010, unless Congress changes the rules.

The alternative minimum tax (AMT) amount remains unresolved for 2010. The exemption was increased to $70,950 and $46,700 for joint and single filers, respectively, for 2009 by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Some Congressmen contend that the AMT exemption for 2010 will be boosted to 72,450 for couples and $47,450 for singles, up $1,500 and $750, respectively, over 2009. In addition, personal tax credits such as the tuition
and dependent care credits will be able to offset the AMT in 2010.

The AMT willrequire tax payers to compute their income taxesunder two systems, the regular tax system and the so-called alternative minimum tax (AMT) system and pay the higher of the two amounts. The AMT will have a greater impact on tax payers with incomes between $100,000 and $500,000 and/or tax payers who deduct a significant amount of state and local taxes (income, property, and/or sales taxes) or miscellaneous itemized deductions (like unreimbursed employee business expenses), or claim multiple dependents exemption.

The Estate Tax was repealed in 2010. Some Congressmen want a $3.5-million exemption with a 45 percent top rate. In later years, the exemption would rise in steps to $5 million and the maximum tax rate would decrease to 35 percent. It appears, however, that the estate tax is not going to disappear.

Reminder: Starting in 2011 rental property owners will be required to issue a Form 1099 (a so-called payee statement for any service provider that is paid $600 or more during 2011) for things like yard care, painting, accounting, etc.