What is in this article?:
- Stripe rust â€˜perfect stormâ€™ in waiting
- Rapid rust spread
- California’s wheat industry is shaping up for a “perfect storm,” in the 2012-2013 winter wheat production season, according to Steve Wright, UCCE farm advisor for Tulare County.
- Traders are expecting many buyers to depend on North American wheat supplies late in the marketing year.
Stripe rust resistant wheat varieties can disappear faster than a cowboy’s paycheck on a Friday night in Clovis, N.M.
It’s a never-ending disappearing act that’s setting up California’s wheat industry for a “perfect storm,” in the 2012-2013 winter wheat production season, according to Steve Wright, University of California Cooperative Extension farm advisor for Tulare County.
Grain prices are expected to be strong for the California wheat crop that will be seeded this fall, Wright told growers and others at the Alfalfa and Forage field day at the UC Kearney Research and Extension Center, Parlier, Calif.
Prices “close to that of some permanent crops” will no doubt result in a sharp increase in planted acres this fall from the 2011-2012 800,000 acres of all wheats in the state.
Wright is hearing of prices of $300 per ton for 2013 wheat. At that price, 2.75 tons per acre of grain is a breakeven point. However, yields of 4 tons of irrigated wheat are not uncommon. Although rare, 5-ton yields are possible, Wright says.
These prices are a result of concerns over the world wheat supply. Traders are expecting Russia to implement some kind of export curb by the end of the calendar year, despite promises by the Russian government not to do so. Other major exporters also entered the picture. Ukraine's government and the country's grain traders made an informal agreement to limit grain exports. Flooding in Argentina is causing damage in the country's No. 1 wheat growing state of Buenos Aires. Drought conditions are cutting production and export expectations for Western Australia. Traders are expecting many buyers to depend on North American wheat supplies late in the marketing year.
That sounds well and good for California wheat growers, except that the three leading wheat varieties planted in California in 2012 (Joaquin, PR 1404 and Red Wing) are susceptible to stripe rust. Joaquin is the most susceptible of the bunch and it was the most widely planted variety in the state last season. It once was classified as very tolerant. PR 1404 is moderately resistant, and Redwing, which was resistant, is now moderately susceptible.
Redwing “might have one more year,” says Wright.
Previously popular varieties like Summit and Blanca Grande were once highly resistant and now are highly susceptible. Yecora Rojo fended off rust for 25 years. Summit was resistant for only three seasons.
Wright mentioned Joaquin Oro as the newest stripe rust resistant variety, but “I am not sure how much seed will be available” this fall to plant.
There are 137 identified wheat stripe rust races in the U.S. with 17 new ones identified each year.