A new hobo pest — the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) — is pigging out on many of North America's most important crops, posing an unprecedented threat to U.S. agriculture, say experts.

"There's been nothing like this in several decades," says Peter Jentsch, a researcher at Cornell's Hudson Valley Laboratory and one of 10 Cornell scientists and 70 others, including some as far afield as Oregon and Florida, looking for ways the curb the pest, which caused catastrophic damage in 2010.

Cornell's Northeastern Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Center will lead national outreach and education, while Art Agnello '74, professor of entomology at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, N.Y., will study the impact of BMSB as it colonizes new habitats. Their work is funded by $450,000 over three years from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), which has awarded $5 million for this project to 13 institutions across 10 states.

A native of Asia, BMSB touched down in Allentown, Pa., circa 1996, quickly becoming a nuisance pest. By 2004 it was showing up on farms and forests. By 2010, it had destroyed some growers' crops in five Mid-Atlantic states. BMSB has a huge host range, including field crops and ornamentals.

In 2011 it appeared in Ulster County. "New York is a frontier state for BMSB," says Agnello. "People are primed to get panicky if this pest shows up in their crops."

Agnello's team is looking at the time lag and impact of BMSB as it colonizes new habitats, how to distinguish and diagnose signs of injury in different crops, and which plant pathogens are likely to find entry at feeding sites.

The value of susceptible crops in the 33 states where BMSB has been established or sighted exceeds $21 billion. In 2010, it cost apple growers alone $37 million, says Tracy Leskey, USDA entomologist and director of the multistate project, funded by the USDA's Specialty Crop Research Initiative. In New York, which is a top-five producer in apples, grapes, pears, tart cherries, snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers and summer squash, these crops are worth a combined $878 million to growers.