No. 1 is heat illnesses. 411 citations were issued last year for this violation, costing farmers and labor contractors $386,000.

California has some of the most stringent heat prevention laws in the nation. When the temperature gets above 85 degrees, enough shade must be provided for 25 percent of the workforce at any one time. And it must be as close as practical to the work site. If requested, shade must be provided year-round.

When the thermometer gets above 95 degrees, employers must observe employees to prevent head illnesses. New employees must be supervised in this scenario, and all workers must be reminded to drink water frequently.

Improper field sanitation is Wolfe’s sin No. 2. Violations of these rules resulted in 299 fines costing growers and contractors $187,000. Field sanitation covers, among other things, adequate portable drinking water and adequate toilet and hand-washing facilities.

The third sin is not implementing an illness and prevention program. This program identifies responsible parties, employee compliance systems, employee communication systems, hazard identification procedures, investigation procedures, hazard correction protocol and employee training. This all should be written out and provided to field supervisors.

This is one of the easiest to comply with, according to Wolfe. But, she added, supervisors in the field must have copies of these. “Don’t let them sit in an office collecting dust.”

The No. 4 sin is not providing first aid kits. She called this a “no brainer,” yet 78 employers were cited and they were fined $25,000.

Nos. 5 and 6 cover proper, written protocol for cleaning and servicing equipment and operating equipment. Failure to comply with providing these written rules cost employers almost $400,000 for more than 100 CalOSHA violations.

No. 7 is failure to report work-related serious injuries or fatalities. This resulted in 28 citations and more than $73,000 in penalties. There is a 24-hour CalOSHA hot line to follow reporting procedures.