What is in this article?:
- California beekeeper driven by passion, pollination and quality
- CCD, frugality, foraging
- Bradshaw Honey Farm located near Visalia, Calif., includes about 4,000 honey bee colonies for crop pollination and honey production.
- Colony collapse disorder has substantially reduced bee colony numbers at the Bradshaw operation.
- Wise money management has helped the farm remain financially afloat through heavy CCD-related bee losses.
- Honey from the Bradshaw operation is sold to Sue Bee Honey and processed at a facility in Anaheim, Calif.
David Bradshaw of Bradshaw Honey Farm, Visalia, Calif.
CCD, frugality, foraging
“I’m worn out. Every year I have huge losses and try to rebuild my operation,” Bradshaw said. “So far I’ve been able to provide quality bees to all my customers – either with my own bees or bees I’ve purchased elsewhere. I take it personally if I can’t take care of my customers.”
A call to the banker was inevitable.
“For several years Farm Credit West was my best friend.”
Due to CCD, Bradshaw’s net income from bees one year was about $15,000. He has considered throwing in the towel.
“I’ve gotten close, but beekeeping is what I’ve done all my life. Beekeeping is all I know how to do. So far, beekeeping has paid the bills, but it’s been tight.”
Bradshaw feels a strong responsibility to meet the needs of each customer.
A key reason why Bradshaw is financially alive today is frugalness — keeping his overhead low to weather unexpected events like CCD. His machinery to extract honey from the hives ranges from 30 to 60 years old. Two of the three semi trucks are 20-years-old.
“I have to work smart and cannot live extravagantly,” the 36-year beekeeping veteran said. “I would love to buy new machinery, but I have to choose my battles.”
Another threat to Bradshaw’s wallet is the California Air Resources Board regulation designed to reduce vehicle emissions by replacing the engine or the entire vehicle. He owns a seven-year-old semi truck in addition to the two, 20-year-old trucks.
“I cannot afford to spend $200,000 on new trucks,” Bradshaw said. “The ARB says my trucks are obsolete. It’s an engine issue, but putting more money in a truck than it’s worth does not pencil out. Even my seven-year-old Freightliner with 20,000 miles is obsolete.”
To voice his concerns, Bradshaw testified at several ARB hearings. He does not qualify for funding assistance as the mileage on the trucks is too low.”
Bee foraging is extremely critical to bee health and honey production. Bradshaw trucks bees up to 200 miles to forage. Destinations include Orange Cove for citrus forage, Ventura for avocado forage, Paramount Farms in Lost Hills to forage in pomegranates, the Coalinga area for buckwheat forage, and near Dinkey Creek in the High Sierra foothills for wild forage.
Some farmers and ranchers request a small fee to forage — others do not.
Since foraging builds healthier bees, Bradshaw related a comment shared by a friend. ‘The best thing for bees is diesel smoke.’ The point was that bee colonies should be moved constantly to forage in different areas.
“Keep the bees on wheels and take them to the best places available,” Bradshaw said. “If you have a hive of bees in your backyard, they will starve if never taken out to forage.”
He added, “It is only by the generosity of farmers and ranchers that we’re allowed to place bees on idle land to forage during the off-season. They understand the value of bees.”
About half of Bradshaw’s customers allow him to place bee boxes on land during the off-season. He could use additional areas.
Extracted honey from the Bradshaw operation is sold to the Sue Bee Honey cooperative and delivered to the company’s processing facility in Anaheim, Calif.
Bradshaw says beekeepers and farmers and ranchers have a close, respectful professional relationship.
“It’s a two-way street,” Bradshaw concluded. “Pollination is essential to many crops. Bees are essential for pollination to occur. Beekeepers need the pollination period to generate income. Well-foraged bees can deliver a successful pollination.”
The bottom line is farmers, ranchers, and beekeepers need each other.
“My theory is the more we work together the more successful we’ll all be,” Bradshaw said.