What is in this article?:
- Agriculture makes giant strides since Silent Spring
- Core pillar of crop protection
- Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring — however defective — placed agriculture and chemical manufacturers squarely in the crosshairs of public ridicule, and gave birth to today’s activist environmental groups.
- Agriculture continues working on ways to improve the world’s food supply despite hurdles placed in its path by activist environmental groups spawned by Silent Spring.
It’s hard to believe but this year marks the 50th anniversary of Rachel Carson’s best-selling book Silent Spring.
For younger readers or those who might need a refresher course, Carson’s 1962 book woke up the world to the dangers of global pollution, the potential risks ofpesticides, and the threats to environmental safety. The book documented selected scientific studies that suggested detrimental effects of pesticides on the environment, particularly on birds. Carson accused the chemical industry of spreading disinformation, and blamed public officials of accepting industry claims uncritically.
At that time and in its own defense, many critics complained that Silent Spring unfairly painted the entire agricultural industry with a broad brush stroke, giving the general public the false impression that agriculture was engaged in faulty and damaging practices that might endanger human health, wildlife and the environment. Scientific experts at the time claimed that many of the book’s findings and conclusions were heavily flawed and exaggerated, and could not withstand close scrutiny when placed under a professional microscope.
Nonetheless, Carson’s tome — however defective — placed agriculture and chemical manufacturers squarely in the crosshairs of public ridicule, and gave birth to today’s activist environmental groups. This, in turn, alerted agriculture to the urgent need of educating the public about the benefits of commercial crop production that utilizes valuable crop protection tools in order to feed the world’s growing population. Since the publication of Silent Spring, many developments have occurred over the years that have improved and enhanced the overall image of those industries attacked in Carson’s book.
For example, amid consumer concerns, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — created in 1970 under the Nixon administration — serves as an umbrella agency bringing together all the various other federal agencies charged with the responsibilities of regulatory oversight of chemical manufacturing and food production, as well as federal agencies concerned with protecting the environment and human health. Another inroad was that the federal Fungicide, Insecticide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) was revised to provide new safety measures. The objective of FIFRA is to provide federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and usage.
Three separate amendments from 1972 through 1992 significantly updated the original 1947 law, and established additional stringent standards for pesticides including: transferring pesticide regulation from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to EPA; re-registering older pesticides to ensure compliance with new standards; and new worker protection measures.
Furthermore, the 1996 Food Quality Protection Act added special margins for infants and children, and the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act, passed first in 2002, increased industry fees to enable EPA to expand scientific evaluation capacity and enhance timely decision-making.