What is in this article?:
- Young farmers add 21st century spin to operation
- Irrigation tech
- How are two farmers beating the odds against the drought and perpetual wind that nearly all farmers and ranchers face in New Mexico? The secret is in the water.
LESA System using bubblers to disperse water evenly on alfalfa field
“Even with the drought and persistent heat and wind we have actually seen yield increases. We feel we are getting more of the applied water into the ground. No wind loss and decreased evaporation surface area seem to be the main factors for the yield increases,” said Jeremy.
In addition to the LESA system, the Gonzales brothers have installed Low Energy Precision Application (LEPA) systems, such as bubblers or drag socks. A bubbler is a nozzle that disperses water evenly over the ground and drag socks drag on the ground to disperse water. The landowner or operator decides which option to use since they both are effective. These types of nozzles are less forceful than those that dispense water directly on the ground, which would cause the soil to erode. The Ogallala Aquifer is the Gonzales’ main source of water. The Ogallala water level is less than half of its capacity, so water conservation is smart and necessary.
Gonzales Land and Cattle also has installed flow meters, chemigation valves, and computerized pivot panels. The flow meter allows for a better measurement of the proper amount of water needed. The chemigation valve stops pesticides and herbicides from entering ground water. The computerized pivot panels allow the brothers to operate their equipment remotely. The new panels are beneficial and allow them to program their watering schedule more efficiently, especially in between alfalfa cuttings.
Additionally, the computerized pivot panels have a text messaging feature that alerts the Gonzales brothers to any problems the system could encounter. They are better able to keep track of how the pivots are performing without doing physical checks. Gonzales Land and Cattle is influenced by 21st Century technology. As beginning farmers, the Gonzales brothers are eager to learn about the latest technology and apply it to their farming operations.
The growth hasn’t been in just the crops; the Gonzales brothers also have grown. “I never grew up from playing in the dirt; it (farming) is like playing with my Tonka (trucks) in a huge sand box. It’s just that my toys got bigger,” said Joseph.
Other beginning farmers like Jeremy and Joseph can contact the nearest NRCS office to learn about opportunities specific to their operations. The NRCS District Conservationist and staff can help map out a conservation plan; provide Technical Assistance and explain what programs can best help make an agricultural operation grow. New Mexico NRCS has a Field Office in every county except Los Alamos. Visit the local NRCS office or check the web at: www.nm.nrcs.usda.gov.