State and federal water officials have been warning for years that the war over water will intensify in the years ahead as demand grows and resources diminish, and this legal action represents only the most recent in a string of legal battles over water across the Southwest.

Earlier this year, Texas and New Mexico farmers and ranchers were disgruntled when the International Water Boundary Commission (IWBC) announced plans to release water from Elephant Butte Reservoir in Southern New Mexico in an effort to guarantee Mexican farmers their annual allotment of guaranteed water from the Rio Grande Valley River basin.

World leaders, diplomats and even scientists have been warning for years that the next Great War will be over water and not oil, a resounding sentiment echoing across the U.S./Mexico border after drought conditions in recent years have increased pressure on both nation’s to provide enough water for farmers on both sides of the international border to survive the dry times.