Cotton production is forecast at 13.2 million bales, up 3 percent from last year’s 12.8 million bales. Yield is expected to average 816 pounds per harvested acre, up 3 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 12.8 million bales, 4 percent above 2008. According to USDA, producers in Texas are expecting increased yields from last year. American Pima production is forecast at 367,000 bales, down 15 percent from last year. Producers expect to harvest 7.77 million acres of all cotton and 7.62 million acres of upland cotton, both up 3 percent from last year. American Pima harvested area is expected to total 146,200 acres, down 13 percent from 2008.
Corn production is forecast at 12.8 billion bushels, up 5 percent from last year, but 2 percent lower than 2007. Yields are expected to average 159.5 bushels per acre, up 5.6 bushels from last year. If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, behind 2004, and production will be the second largest, behind 2007. Forecasted yields are higher than last year across the central Great Plains and western Corn Belt where mild temperatures and adequate soil moisture supplies provided favorable growing conditions. Expected yields were also higher across much of the Ohio and Tennessee valleys and Atlantic Coast where beneficial moisture this year contrasted with exceptionally dry conditions last year. Yield prospects are lower in the central Corn Belt where excessive spring moisture delayed planting, and below normal temperatures slowed corn emergence and development. Growers expect to harvest 80 million acres for grain, down 100,000 acres from June but up 2 percent from last year.
USDA’s first survey-based forecast of the 2009-10 U.S. rice crop is 211.2 million hundredweight, up slightly from last month’s projection, and up 7.4 million hundredweight from 2008-09. Average yield is forecast at 7,039 pounds per acre, up 6 pounds per acre from last month, and an increase of 193 pounds per acre from last year. Area harvested at 3 million acres is unchanged from a month ago. Long-grain production is forecast at 150.4 million hundredweight, down 600,000 hundredweight from last month, while combined medium- and short-grain production is forecast at 60.8 million hundredweight, up 800,000 hundredweight from a month ago.
All wheat production, at 2.18 billion bushels, is up 3 percent from the July forecast but down 13 percent from 2008. Yields are forecast at 43.3 bushels per acre, up 1.4 bushels from last month but 1.6 bushels below last year.
Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.54 billion bushels, up 1 percent from last month but down 18 percent from 2008. The U.S. yield is forecast at 44.2 bushels per acre, up 0.4 bushel from last month but down 3 bushels from last year. The area expected to be harvested for grain totals 34.8 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 12 percent from last year.