What is in this article?:
- Extraordinary SJV cotton planting season approaches
- 500,000-acre cotton possibility
- San Joaquin Valley 2011 cotton acreage is likely to reach 450,000 acres.
- Unprecedented Pima and Acala cotton prices could put the value of the crop at $1 billion; equal to the crop value when there were 1.5 million acres in the valley.
- Seed supplies for some varieties are limited, especially if there is a last minute switch from Pima to Acala.
500,000-acre cotton possibility
However, the biggest reason there will not be much more than 500,000 acres of cotton this year is ground that was in cotton 30 years ago is in trees and vines, particularly almonds and pistachios.
Nevertheless, cotton growers present, past and newbies flocked to the four Phytogen 2011 Variety Seminars held recently in the San Joaquin Valley, according to Dow AgroSciences valley representatives Harry Peck and Nick Higgins.
And the word from Peck at the last gathering in Lemoore was that the popular Phy 830 Pima will be on allocation and the conventional Acala, Phy 72 is in limited supplies because of big demand for planting seed. Some growers are putting in orders at several different suppliers to make sure they get planting seed to capture the highest cotton prices in generations.
“We were sold out of 72, but we had a big order cancel recently, so we have had some supplies become available,” said Peck.
Phytogen operates the only Pima and Acala breeding programs and Peck estimates Phytogen varieties will be planted to 85 percent of the SJV cotton ground starting March 10.
Peck is going with the conventional 450,000 SJV cotton acreage estimate. He splits it 270,000 acres of Pima and 160,000 acres of Acala/upland.
Phy 805 Roundup Flex Pima will again require that growers sign a stewardship agreement that the cottonseed will be segregated from conventional cottonseed since Japan has still not approved glyphosate-resistant Pima to be imported there. Conventional Phy 800 will also be sold as will a limited supply of Phy 802RF Pima. This is a new Pima variety with much improved fiber properties than its parents 805 and 800. Peck said there is enough seed to plant only 7,000 to 8,000 acres of 802RF next season.
805, 800 and 802 have resistance for fusarium race 4 — 830 does not.
However, 830 is on allocation, despite Phytogen producing three times as much seed as last year, because of its growing popularity.
Phy 830 was bred for earliness to hopefully give northern San Joaquin Valley growers a long staple cotton they could grow. It is seven to 10 days earlier than the other Pimas, and last year that became a highly recognized attribute in the Central Valley because it was a cold, wet spring and much Pima went in late. Longer-season Pima must be planted by about April 20 to harvest it before fog and rain settles into the valley.
Phy 805RF and Phy 800 planting seed supplies are plentiful to plant Peck’s Pima acreage projection. However, he said if the weather prevents a significant percentage of Pima from getting planted and growers switch to Acala, there may be a seed supply issue with substitutes like Phy 755 WRF and PHY 725 RF Acala.
Cotton’s dramatic price rebound has even generated new SJV cotton growers, said Peck. “We had cotton on ground last year that had never grown cotton and I expect the same thing to happen this year,” Peck added.
While growers have never seen prices like this, they do not expect the glow to last forever. However, Peck said cotton prices look to remain strong in 2012 because the carryover worldwide is once again expected to be minimal.
“Cotton looks good for growers and suppliers alike,” said Peck.