The University of California has prepared two new studies detailing production practices and costs of producing wheat and corn in the Sacramento Valley. These two crops accounted for almost 200,000 planted acres in the region.

The wheat study demonstrates irrigated production monthly prior to a winter planting through harvest. The field corn report also uses furrow irrigation to grow the crop. Both studies harvest the commodities for grain. The study is intended as a guide only and can be used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, prepare budgets and evaluate production loans.

The study is based upon a hypothetical farm using practices common in the region. UCCE farm advisors, researchers, growers, equipment and chemical suppliers, and other agricultural associates provided input and reviews.

Assumptions used to identify current costs for establishing the orchard, production operations, material inputs, cash and non-cash overhead are described in the study. Tables show establishment costs, profits over a range of prices and yields, monthly cash costs, hourly equipment costs, and the whole farm annual equipment, investment and business overhead costs.

The studies — Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Irrigated, Sacramento Valley and Sample Costs to Produce Field Corn, Sacramento Valley — are available online at http://coststudies.ucdavis.edu, from the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, and from local UC Cooperative Extension offices.

The wheat study was prepared by Kent Brittan, UCCE farm advisor, Yolo and Solano counties; Doug Munier, UCCE farm advisor, Glenn, Butte and Tehama counties; Jerry Schmierer, UCCE farm advisor Colusa County; Karen M. Klonsky, UCCE specialist, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis; and Pete Livingston, UCCE staff research associate, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis.

The field corn study was prepared by Kent Brittan, UCCE farm advisor, Yolo and Solano counties; Doug Munier, UCCE farm advisor, Glenn, Butte, and Tehama counties; Karen M. Klonsky, UCCE specialist, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis; and Pete Livingston, UCCE staff research associate, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis.

Similar cost-of-production reports are available for many commodities from 1931 to the present. A $3 handling fee is charged for each report mailed from the department. For more information, call (530) 752-2414 or (530) 752-4424.