The latest California Crop Weather report from the Sacramento Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Weather

The week of Oct. 4 started with cool and unsettled conditions as a closed low pressure system off southern California brought early season rainfall to the southland.  This rainy period continued for mainly the southern areas of California through the middle of the week.

Monsoonal moisture circulating around the low pressure system also brought locally significant rainfall amounts to the greater Sierra Nevada range. Precipitation was spotty across the central and north portions of the Golden State, but cooler than normal temperatures continued. 

By the latter part of the week, fair weather high pressure began to build across the region with warming temperatures and dry weather noted statewide.

Field crops

Rice harvest was ongoing. Cotton fields were in first stage of harvest with early plantings harvested. Alfalfa and Sudangrass were cut and baled while new alfalfa planting continued.

Corn silage harvest continued in California. Harvested silage fields were prepared for winter grain planting in the San Joaquin Valley (SJV). Early planted small grain fields germinated.

In Fresno County, sorghum for seed was harvested with good yield noted, while sorghum for silage was nearing harvest. The sunflower harvest was winding down in Sutter County.

Fruit crops

The apple and fig harvests were ongoing in the Central Valley as the pear harvest neared completion. Nectarine, peaches, and plums were picked and packed in Fresno County. Kiwifruit and pomegranates were harvested and exported in Tulare County. 

The table grape harvest was ongoing while the raisin and the wine grape harvests neared completion.

The Valencia orange harvest neared completion with few fruit remaining to be picked in the SJV. Several fields of globe table grapes were covered with plastic to allow for later harvesting in Kern County.

The SJV olive harvest began. Plants were harvested and shipped from strawberry nurseries in Siskiyou County. Post-harvest irrigation was ongoing in orchards.

Nut crops

Almond shaking, harvesting, and irrigation were ongoing in the Central Valley as the harvest was winding down in Sutter County.

The harvesting of early variety walnuts continued in the Central Valley as harvesting began for some later varieties. The moist conditions have increased husk splitting; promoting a sooner harvest in Butte County. 

The full-scale pistachio harvest started as early harvesting was nearing completion. Irrigation and pest control was ongoing in pecan orchards.

Vegetable crops

Kern County reported harvests of carrots and lettuce, and the cutting of fall asparagus. In Tulare County, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, sweet corn, and squash harvests continued.  Pumpkins were picked for Halloween festivities.

In Fresno County, the garlic and onion harvests were completed. Harvest of fresh market and processing tomatoes continued. Bell peppers were picked and shipped. Sweet corn grew well and harvest continued. Fields were weeded and treated to control pests.

Fall broccoli fields were planted. Carrot harvest began. The processing cucumber harvest continued.

Fall lettuce grew well and beds were weeded. Summer and leafy vegetables, including beets, bittermelon, chards, choys, squash, market tomatoes, eggplant, beans, herbs, kales, lemon grass, tomatillos, collard and mustard greens, and turnips were harvested.

In Merced County, freezer beans, cantaloupe, and honeydew harvests continued. The parsley and watermelon harvests were winding down. The bell pepper harvest was complete.

San Joaquin County continued harvesting watermelons, melons, squash, and pumpkins. Sutter County reported continued field work and ground preparation plus the continued harvest of processing tomatoes. Harvest has concluded for honeydew melons.

Yuba County reported cantaloupe harvest activities. Siskiyou County reported onion harvest progress.