The week (Sept. 6) started off with strong high pressure over California. The valley and mountain daytime high temperatures were near normal for early September.

The exception was along the coast. The San Francisco Bay Area was in the 90s, well above normal for the coast. Heat statements were issued for most coastal regions. By Wednesday, California was near normal in all locations with rain entering the far North Coast.

A fall-like cold front entered the Golden State Thursday bringing rain to the state from Sacramento northward. Butte County received half an inch to an inch and a half of rain due to thunderstorms in the area causing minor flooding in the town of Chico.

On Friday, high pressure built over the state. The weekend had weather back to some normalcy. The skies were mostly clear over the state with daytime highs near normal.

Field crops

Rice fields were drained and continued to mature. Sunflowers were defoliated and harvested. The bean harvest started in Colusa County. Alfalfa was cut and baled. Weed control continued in alfalfa and corn. Corn was harvested for silage.

Bolls matured on cotton plants in the San Joaquin Valley (SJV). Harvest preparation continued in potato fields in the northern areas. Irrigation frequency slowed as crops reached maturity. Fall field operations continued with ground preparation, and spray applications of fertilizer, herbicide and insecticide, as needed.

Fruit crops

The peach, nectarine, plum, and prune harvests slowed as the end of the season approached. The apple and pear harvests continued normally in the Central Valley.

Valencia oranges were picked in the Central Valley and along the southern coast. The lemon harvest along the southern coast was nearly complete while light picking continued in the desert region.

The table, wine, and raisin grape harvests were ongoing in the SJV. White wine grapes were harvested in Napa County while the development of red wine grapes continued. The final European grapevine moth sprays were applied in Napa County in preparation for the upcoming grape harvests.

Nut, vegetable crops

The shaking and harvesting of Nonpareil almond varieties in the Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys were ongoing as harvesting began for later varieties as well.

Irrigation, weed control, and ground preparations continued in walnut orchards as the heavy crop developed.

Harvest began in some pistachio orchards. The harvest in the majority of the groves is expected to begin in one to two weeks.

Vegetable crops

Imperial County reported early transplants of cauliflower.                 

In Fresno County, processing tomatoes, garlic, and onions were harvested. Watermelon, cantaloupe, plus honeydew and mixed melons grew with harvest in full swing. Good-sized white, yellow, and red onions were harvested, as was garlic, fresh market and processing tomatoes, and bell peppers. Subsequent fields of tomatoes and peppers grew vigorously; flowering and setting fruit. Carrots grew well.

Beds were prepared for the fall lettuce season. Sweet corn for consumption was at various stages of growth, and harvest continued while subsequent fields were planted. Broccoli fields were prepared for fall planting. Some planted fields showed good development. Growers planted melon, cucumber, and squash transplants.

Summer vegetables including beets, bittermelon, chards, choys, kales, squash, eggplant, green, yellow and long beans, cherry tomatoes, daikon, and tomatillos were harvested.

Kern County reported carrot harvesting. San Joaquin County harvested fresh and processing tomatoes, onions, watermelons, and pumpkins. Stanislaus County reported tomatoes and melons harvested, but mild temperatures caused problems with the melons reaching an acceptable sugar level.

Sutter County reported field work and ground preparation while tomatoes were treated for stinkbug. Recent rains have slowed the tomato harvest in Colusa County.