Arizona’s 2007 upland cotton harvested acreage is estimated at 178,000 acres, down 5 percent from 2006, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) in Phoenix, Ariz.

As of Oct. 1, yield is forecast at 1,429 pounds per acre, 9 pounds higher than 2006. Production is forecast at 530,000 bales, down 5 percent from 2006.

Cotton bolls have opened on 95 percent of the acreage, just behind the five-year average of 96 percent. Cotton condition remains mostly fair to good.

Arizona’s American-Pima cotton harvested area is estimated at 3,000 acres in 2007, 4,000 less than 2006. Production is expected at 5,500 bales, down 7,900 bales from 2006. Pima yield, expected at 880 pounds per acre, is down 39 pounds from a year ago, NASS reported.

The U.S. All Cotton production is forecast at 18.2 million 480-pound bales, up 2 percent from September but down 16 percent from 21.6 million bales in 2006.

Yield is expected to average 826 pounds per harvested acre, up 15 pounds from September and up 12 pounds from 2006. If realized, the yield will be the third largest on record. Harvested area of all cotton is expected to total 10.5 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 17 percent from 2006, NASS said.

Arizona’s 2007 alfalfa hay production is expected to total 2.08 million tons, the same as in 2006. Yields are forecasts at 8.3 tons per acre, also the same as in 2006.

Pecan production in Arizona is forecast at 23 million pounds, up 64 percent from a year ago. The 2007 crop is expected to be larger than 2006 mainly because it is an up year in the alternate bearing pattern typical of pecans.

Arizona’s 2007-2008 citrus utilization is forecast at: Navel oranges: 200,000 boxes,same as last season; Valencia oranges: 100,000 boxes, same as last season; Grapefruit: 200,000 boxes, up 100 percent; Tangerines and tangelos: 400,000 boxes, up 33 percent; and Lemons: 1.5 million boxes, down 40 percent. The freeze in January 2007 resulted in lower fruit set and smaller sized fruit in the lemon crop, NASS said.